Wines from Tuscany
Wines from Tuscany became famous earlier than any other Italian wines and are still very popular all over the world. Tuscany has a long wine history. This can be traced back as far as the fifth century BC.
Situated in central Italy, Tuscany's neighbors are Liguria and Emilia-Romagna to the north, Umbria and Marche to the east and Lazio to the south. Its western boundary is formed by the Tyrrhenian Sea.
The Tuscany wine region is best known for its Sangiovese-based dry reds, which dominate production. The best-known wines are Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano.
But for Maremma, the coastal region in southern Tuscany, more significant are such Bordeaux grape varieties as Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc. One of the first areas planted with French grapes in Tuscany was the village of Bolgheri. In 1968 the table wine Sassicaia came onto the market, starting the era of Supertuscans. Marchesi Antinori did the same experiment first with Tignanello and later with Ornellaia. Today the Ornellaia winery belongs to the Frescobaldi family.
Tuscany is one of the most famous wine regions in Italy. From Chianti to Brunello, Tuscan wine enjoys great fame today. Tuscany wines have unique characteristics that distinguish it from other wines. First, Tuscan wine and culinary culture is very diverse and includes a variety of different foods and wine types, from red wine to sweet wine, sparkling wine and more. Secondly, the grapes used for wine are of high quality thanks to the particular climate and terroir factors. Tuscany is known for its good climate and ideal soils, particularly suitable for giving the grapes maximum expression and aromas. Tuscan wine has a unique and pronounced acidity that gives it its distinctive flavor and longevity. Especially red wines from Tuscany often have a very good structure and long finish.
Tuscan viticulture uses various grape varieties, including Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, Canaiolo and Trebbiano.
Tuscan wine is versatile and goes well with many dishes. A Sangiovese wine is recommended for roast beef, while a Trebbiano goes well with white fish or white meat. A Cabernet Sauvignon or a Merlot are good companions for sweet or spicy dishes such as cheese, nuts and smoked ham.
Supertuscan (or Supertuscan) is a non-official category of Tuscan wines which do not have DOC or DOCG status, but which surpass a whole range of quality wines. These include, for example, Sassicaia from Tenuta San Guido, Tignanello from Antinori, as well as Solaia, Ornellaia, Masseto, Cepparello, Flaccianello, Solengo and Guado al Tasso.