Organic wine is regulated by a European specification. It guarantees that no chemicals have been used to treat the vines. And that no herbicides have been spread to get rid of the grass, which requires mechanical work. For fertilisation, only natural products are allowed, such as composted sheep manure.
For fungal diseases, the winegrowers use copper and sulfur, but in regulated amounts.
Producers of organic wines also have to follow strict regulations while working in the cellar. Neither gelatine nor cattle blood, metatartaric acid or other controversial substances can be used to stabilize or clarify organic wine.
Organic wine should be produced as naturally as possible. Therefore, organic wines contain much less sulfites.
Winegrowers who are organically certified not only produce more natural wines, but are also committed to climate-neutral viticulture and support biodiversity.
Organic wines are produced without the use of pesticides, herbicides and other chemical fertilizers. The use of these chemical substances is widespread in the production of conventional wines.
In order for wine to be labeled organic certified, the production processes must meet strict production guidelines. In addition, producers must ensure that grapes come from organically farmed vineyards. While conventional wines in some countries can be enhanced in taste by the use of additives, this is prohibited in the production of organic wines.
Since organic wines are produced without chemical substances, the production processes are designed to be more environmentally friendly and the land is managed more sustainably.
The best grape varieties for growing organic wines vary depending on the location. As a rule, autochthonous grape varieties from the region are used for the cultivation of organic wines.
If you want to buy wine in organic quality, you should know the organic wine seals. The first thing to look for is the EU organic logo on wine bottles. The logo consists of a sheet of white stars on a green background.